Stages and Treatment for Colon Cancer

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Colon cancer is a seriously deadly disease, in particular, if diagnosed too late. However, treatment success for those has the disease had increased, as has the survival rate. This is because of early prevention together with the development of new therapies for colon cancer. Furthermore, many early made diagnosis colon cancer patients, if treated promptly, reported in order to achieve a full recovery from the disease.

The course of therapy differs according to patients with regards to the treatment of colon cancer. There are a number of factors considered that include the state of health of patients and the location and the size of the tumor, in addition to the severity of, colon cancer measured by Oncologists (doctors specialized in cancer diagnosis and treatment) to choose a therapy. The three primary colon cancer treatments include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. As the case may be, a combination of these treatments may be used to treat the patient.

For those suffering from early stages of colon cancer (Stage 0 & Stage I), surgery is the treatment of choice. These are the stages in which cancer confined locally and concerned a small portion of the colon only. The procedure ranges from polypectomy to partial colectomy. Polypectomy is the surgical exclusion of a polyp in the colon, and it is even possibly done throughout colonoscopy as long as the tumor (polyp) is still small. Then again, partial colectomy is the resection of the affected portion of the colon and contiguous lymph nodes. The two procedures talked about do not require any other added treatment like chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The surgery alone is enough in eradicating the disease with a healthy prognosis as long as the malignant tissues got totally eliminated.

Regarding Phase II colon cancer treatments, surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy suggested by doctors in most cases. During this stage, where cancer has entered the wall of the colon and affected, adjacent tissue but has not yet influenced the lymph nodes, or spread (metastases). At this instant, an operation required in order to remove the tumor tissues and lymph nodes. Chemotherapy can also be performed, if the presence of certain circumstances caused by cancer such as:

1. Perforation, or the existence of a hole or holes in the wall of the colon;

2. The existence of a high degree of tumor;

3. No more than 12 lymph nodes taken out surgically;

4. In the case of tumor cells that got removed from the colon show activity micro satellite instability (MSI);

5. Adjacent organs also affected by cancer.

6. The hindrance of the large intestine.

For stage III colon cancer, the tumor typically involves the colon, neighboring tissues and lymph nodes but not the remote parts of the body. The standard treatment suggested for this stage are partial colectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy and possible radiation therapy depending on the case. However, the surgical treatment can only be used for patients whose general health status can still endure the procedure. If not there are no options left, but chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

In the stage, of colon cancer called as phase IV, operation is typically being the least preferential option. The best option is always radiation therapy and chemotherapy. At this time, the malignancy extended from the colon and lymphatic nodes and has dispersed itself among other organs of the body.  Cancer can be detected in the lungs, liver, organs of the organs and peritoneum and the ovaries. Chemotherapy governed intravenous drugs or by mouth. These drugs intended in destroying cancer cells. Metastases of other organs, tumor cells, not colon cancer tissue if heavy along with the operation. However, in cases where it is sufficiently large, chemotherapy drugs must be used in order to reduce the size of the tumor before surgery. On the other hand, ionizing radiation and radiation therapy also be taken in order to reduce this tumor. However, most often the procedure carried out according to the comfort of the patent and does alleviate some of the symptoms of cancer, but unquestionably. It is unfortunate the prognosis is too poor during this stage of cancer.

Overall, there are a lot of options for colon cancer treatment. However, the best time in undergoing any of the treatment is throughout the earlier stage of the disease. It is significant that any individual risk for colon cancer experiences certain diagnostic exams regularly for early detection because cancer has a treatment and a goodly prognosis is possible.

Stages and Treatment for Colon Cancer
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